The articles in this issue of the DAISY Planet bring news from the USA, Switzerland, Copenhagen, Bangladesh and India. Although they are not particularly long, the Bits & Pieces column is lengthy, with a great deal of information that I hope you will find interesting and helpful. Although the Young Described Film Critic Contest (YDFC), mentioned in that column has very little if anything to do with DAISY, it sounds like it might be a lot of fun for children and youths. Please pass the information along to anyone you know who would qualify to enter.
The first article, George Kerscher to be appointed to key White House Administration Post is proof of his incredible "hard work and commitment". George will be an Appointee for Member, National Museum and Library Services Board. Congratulations George, we are all very proud of what you have achieved and continue to work toward. (One day I may succeed in persuading him to write his 'story' for the DAISY Planet.)
You will find updates and highlights of the upcoming conference in Copenhagen in the article Future Publishing & Accessibility: New Perspectives & Solutions. Registration closes June 4, so if you are planning to attend, you have a little more than a month remaining to register. Please remember that there is a significantly reduced fee for DAISY Consortium Full Member and Associate Member organizations. The DAISY Consortium's Annual General Meeting will take place the afternoon before the conference. DAISY Members and Friends who wish to attend the AGM should complete the online registration form by May 17. A free a half-day round table discussion on June 15 will bring together technical people from DAISY member organizations to share information, thoughts and questions about critical issues in these rapidly changing times. It will take place at the conference hotel. If you plan on attending please email Arne Kyrkjebø as soon as possible.
And now for something really uplifting: A positive outlook for living with blindness was published this month in the Ottawa Citizen, a Canadian e-newspaper. The article is about Theresa Dupuis, past-president of the Canadian Council of the Blind (CCB), who lost her vision 23 years ago. "You have to work at it but you learn to function very well on the other four senses. You don't need vision to survive…When I was sighted I never stopped really to think of the life of a blind person. I know the both sides now." Ms. Dupuis is 83 years old, multitasks and uses technology, including a DAISY player. If you want to read something uplifting and positive, this should do the trick.
Luz Rello's story, published with this issue of the DAISY Planet, is somewhat different from most of the stories I've published. This remarkably bright and beautiful young woman had a "secret" which she shares. Find out about the lovely Cookie Cloud team and Dyseggxia. I think you will find Luz's story fascinating – I certainly did. Thank you Luz for sharing your story with us.
Thanks go everyone who has written to me with ideas, articles and suggestions for this issue of the DAISY Planet. Your input helps me keep our community up to date on what is going on in the world of information, access and publishing. DAISY stories provide insight into the lives of people we might not otherwise have ever come to know. You can reach me by email (you will have my address if you receive the DAISY Planet email notice) or you can use the DAISY Contact Us Form (DAISY Planet Newsletter Category).
The following links are to new or recently updated DAISY Products and Services from our Members and Friends. Marketplace entries also appear on our home page.
• IDPF Digital Book 2013 is set for May 29-30 at NYC Javits Center in conjunction with BookExp America (BEA). The theme of this year's conference is "Advancing Publishing in a Digital World", focusing on both the immediate challenges and preparing for the changes ahead. George Kerscher, Secretary General of the DAISY Consortium and President of the International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF), and Markus Gylling CTO of the IDPF and the DAISY Consortium are among the speakers which include senior executives, leaders and innovators. Details are provided in the Digital Book 2013 Program.
• O'Reilly TOC Frankfurt (Tools of Change for Publishing Conference) Call for Proposals is now open.
• The joint project between EDItEUR and JISC Techdis to develop six training modules to assist publishers in making adjustments to business and workflow processes will benefit all readers and, in particular, disabled readers. The second of six modules has now been published. This project is part of the Enabling Technologies Framework Project. Both of the first two modules of the Enabling Technologies Framework Training for Publishers are available online.
• The strengths and weaknesses of EPUB3, suggested tools for implementation, barrier issues on the horizon, and the significant improvements in accessibility with EPUB were the topic of an April 17 NISO Virtual Conference. The intended audience was both publishers and librarians. High profile speakers included Bill Kasdorf and Matt Garrish. George Kerscher led the roundtable discussion – "Future of EPUB". The 'pack' of slides for NISO Virtual Conference: EPUB3 and the Future of Interoperable E-books: What Libraries Need to Know is on the NISO (National Information Standards Organization) website. Please note, the text of the slides is not accessible with the screen reader. If you use a screen reader, you can also access the slides from Slideshare, and then download the presentation if you have a slideshare account.
• The Electronic Book Publishers Association of Japan (EBPAJ) has published an English language translation of the EBPAJ EPUB 3 File Creation Guide. It was produced "to help corporate members of EBPAJ create EPUB 3 files for trade books in accordance with the specification of International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF)". The announcement which includes a link to the guide is available in the news entry on the IDPF website. Note that the guide is neither a product of nor endorsed by the IDPF, however the IDPF welcomes its development.
• From infogridpacific, April 10, Widgets for ePub3 and More: The AZARDI Interactive Engine has had a significant set of interactive Widget updates. There is now a set of default Widgets that can be used anywhere in an EPUB 3 reflowable or fixed layout book (digital content deliverable), on a website, in SCORM pages, or any other digital content package. This template update is primarily included to support the production and delivery of interactive education, learning and training content.
On April 9 it was stated in a White House press release that US President Barack Obama had announced his intent to appoint six individuals to key Administration posts. One of those six people is George Kerscher, Secretary General of the DAISY Consortium, President of the International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF), Senior Officer of Accessible Technology with Learning Ally, and who serves on the National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard (NIMAS) Board.
George will be an Appointee for Member, National Museum and Library Services Board. In the press release it also states that George "was named an Innovator of the Year by U.S. News and World Report in 1998, received the Harry Murphy Catalyst Award in 2004, and recognized as a White House Champion of Change in 2012."
In a White House press release, President Obama said, "I am grateful that these impressive individuals have chosen to dedicate their talents to serving the American people at this important time for our country. I look forward to working with them in the months and years ahead." This honour for George Kerscher acknowledges his incredible commitment and dedication.
In response to this news Francisco Martínez Calvo, DAISY Board member representing the Spanish National Organisation of the Blind (ONCE) wrote: "Congratulations, and all the best for this well-deserved appointment. I'm sure that you, the DC, US museums and libraries, and all of us will greatly benefit from your work with the Obama Administration. It is great to see that hard work and commitment are still rewarded."
At an informal session of the WIPO Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights (SCCR), held April 18-20, delegates worked into the evenings in an effort to finalize the text of the proposed treaty to facilitate access to published works by people who are visually impaired or have a print disability. This was the final WIPO/SCCR meeting on this issue in preparation for the WIPO Diplomatic Conference scheduled to take place in Morocco this June. Two of the primary issues in finalizing the text are: the cross-border exchange of materials for persons with visual impairments or print disabilities, and at the same time protection of copyright holders' interests, and, the issue of commercial availability.
There are more than 314 million blind and visually impaired persons (VIPs) in the world, 90 per cent of whom live in developing countries. A WIPO survey in 2006 found that fewer than 60 countries have limitations and exceptions clauses written into their copyright laws that make special provision for VIPs, for example, for Braille, large print or digitized audio versions of copyrighted texts. Furthermore, because copyright law is "territorial", where they exist these exemptions usually do not cover the import or export of works converted into accessible formats, even between countries with similar rules. Organizations in each country must negotiate licenses with right-holders to exchange special formats across borders, or produce their own material, a costly undertaking that severely limits access by VIPs to printed works of all kinds. Source: WIPO News & Events/Diplomatic Conference
Dan Pescod lead for the World Blind Union European campaign for the treaty, is interviewed and quoted extensively in the Intellectual Property (IP) Watch article In UN Talks On Treaty For The Blind, Concern About Heavy Focus On Rightholders' Interests posted on April 20. The issue of commercial availability and a treaty that is meaningful and can actually be used is covered extensively. Pescod concluded with "We want to get to Marrakesh and get a treaty, but if we get a treaty that does not work that's worse than getting nothing".
The outcome of this recent meeting was a revision of the text; however there are more than 80 brackets – the brackets indicating text that has not been agreed to. All of the documents pertaining to the meeting, including the Agenda, Conclusions, and Final Text are available on the WIPO website: Informal Session and Special Session of the Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights. The documents are posted in Word format and in multiple languages.
The World Blind Union issued a press release following the meeting. WBU Press Release on WIPO Negotiations: A treaty for the blind or for the rights holders? is posted on the KEI website. In that press release Maryanne Diamond, Chair of the World Blind Union's Right to Read Campaign, is quoted as follows:
"WBU appreciates the efforts of many negotiators to find text that will work for blind people. When they meet in Marrakech, governments must finally seize this historic opportunity to ensure a treaty that is 'fit for purpose' so that blind people can really get access to books in accessible formats."
The Diplomatic Conference to conclude a Treaty to facilitate Access to Published Works by Visually Impaired Persons and Persons with Print Disabilities will be held June 17 to 28, 2013, in Marrakesh, Morocco at the Palais des Congrès. The issues are complex; as a result, the text is not yet fully agreed to by all parties. The goal of this conference is to adopt an international treaty that will improve access to copyrighted works for the many of the people in the world with a visual impairment or print disability. Such an international treaty would be the first of its kind, focusing on ensuring access for users rather than on the rights of copyright holders.
The documents for the June conference, including the agenda, are available on the WIPO website page for the Diplomatic Conference in Word and PDF formats, in six languages. Item 13 in the agenda is "Adoption of the Treaty". Note that at the time of writing this article the treaty text is the version developed in February, however the Final Text resulting from the meeting this month is posted with the documents for the April 18-20 meeting.
Intellectual Property Watch: Time Ticking For WIPO Delegates On Copyright Exceptions Treaty
Intellectual Property Watch: WIPO Members Send Draft Treaty For The Blind To Marrakesh
Intellectual Property Watch: In UN Talks On Treaty For The Blind, Concern About Heavy Focus On Rightholders' Interests
WIPO News & Events/Diplomatic Conference
Knowledge Ecology International (KEI): Final text before Marrakesh, WIPO treaty for the blind WBU Press Release, April 20
With less than 7 weeks remaining before this 'Must Go To' event in Copenhagen, there are already 212 people from 33 countries registered. The Future Publishing and Accessibility Conference which will inspire and inform, will take place at CPH Conference in downtown Copenhagen on June 13 and 14.
The paradigm shift rate is now doubling every decade, so the twenty-first century will see 20,000 years of progress at today's rate…These emerging technologies will be a great leveler in eliminating the handicaps associated with sensory and physical disabilities and will also break down barriers to education. (Ray Kurzweil, Director of Engineering, Google, US, Keynote Abstract: The Web Within Us: When Minds and Machines Become One)
So much has changed in the recent past, but over the last three or four years the rate of change has increased exponentially and will continue to do so. The scene is changing for organizations around the world trying to provide accessible versions of publications, for mainstream publishers, libraries, tool developers and governments alike. Technologies, workflows, standards, software programs, distribution methods – keeping up with these changes is a challenge for all of these organizations and companies. How can the needs of end users be effectively met in a world where what worked a year ago (or even 6 months ago) is now or will soon be obsolete?
Ray Kurzweil is the first of four renowned keynote speakers:
The Future Publishing and Accessibility Conference is attracting people from a wide range of sectors. Few events offer participants opportunities to learn from and interact with so many key players with such a wide range of expertise.
Great strides have been made toward inclusive and accessible publishing. These achievements have required influence and engagement between a wide array of stakeholders. For example, ePub3 which is based firmly on DAISY, has this year won the Future Book Innovation Award.
2013 is the right time to pause and take stock, together, of how far we have come already and plans for the journey which continues. (Alicia Wise, Director of Universal Access, Elsevier, UK, Speaker Breakout session 3)
It may be challenging for participants to choose between the three parallel breakout sessions on the first afternoon, each with an array of experts in their field:
Details about the speakers and topics that will be discussed in these sessions are available in the Conference Programme
The first day finishes with the DAISY Digital Zone – a wonderful opportunity to meet new friends and greet old friends as you learn about innovative projects, products and user studies.
Obi is the open source DAISY book production software developed by the DAISY Consortium that produces both DAISY 3 and DAISY 2.02 audio books with structure. Its rich feature set and user friendly GUI provide a blend of sophistication with simplicity that make Obi a preferred authoring tool for a diverse range of users, from large production houses to home users.
With the introduction of DAISY 2.02 import in this release, Obi can import and export books compliant to both DAISY 3 and DAISY 2.02 specifications, making Obi completely backward compatible. Obi can now both create a new book conforming to DAISY 2.02 specification, and also modify an existing 2.02 book.
In addition, with this release, a DAISY 2.02 book can be upgraded to DAISY 3 by using this new feature. It also supports the import of the audio and structure from DAISY 3 and DAISY 2.02 books with full text and audio. (The software imports the audio, page numbers, section names, skippable elements etc., and 'ignores' all other text elements such as paragraphs and sentences that it is not designed to process.)
Obi is considered by many who use it to be a tool with a short learning curve. This has been further enhanced with the addition of context-sensitive help. Users can now get help for a dialog box or a user interface (UI) component, with a simple push of a button.
Details about all of the enhancements and bug fixes in Obi 2.6 are available on the Obi project area on the DAISY website. To download this new release visit the Obi download page. Questions and issues can be posted on the Obi Forum.
The Obi-Tobi development team extends its gratitude to everyone who has contributed to the development and testing of these software tools. Your support and feedback make it possible for us to ensure their usability and stability.
Thanks go to Avneesh Singh, a manager with the DAISY Consortium, responsible for Technical Development, for submitting this article for publication in the DAISY Planet.
This workshop which was attended by approximately 50 participants from various government departments, organizations, media representatives, publishers, universities and others was organized by the Access to Information (a2i) Programme of the Prime Minister's Office of Bangladesh and Young Power in Social Action (YSPA). The Secretary of the Ministry of ICT and National Project Director of a2i chaired and moderated the workshop which took place at the Prime Minister's Office on April 20.
Four keynote speakers opened the workshop and set the stage for the open discussions which followed:
During the open discussions numerous key challenges were identified:
With the exception of the issue of the high cost of braille production, decisions were taken for each of these challenges, with specific deadlines identified for each.
Note: Vashkar Bhattacharjee (in the second photograph with Dipendra Manocha) is the National Consultant for the Access to Information (a2i) Programme. Permission to use these photographs was received from the Prime Minister's Office, Bangladesh.
The subtitle of this joint conference "Towards an Inclusive Tomorrow" sums up the theme of the three day event that took place at the Ahmedabad Management Association Conference Centre in Ahmedabad, India April 5 to 7.
Kevin Carey, President of the Royal National Institute of Blind People set the tone for the Conference in his keynote address. In the keynote Carey spoke about the situation with education for people who are blind the world over:
"It is not [a] developing country specific issue. We still employ the same old pedagogical tools in the age of smart phones and tablets. I believe that the technology is [a] game changer as far as empowering people who are blind is concerned. I have seen that children with vision disabilities respond very fast to the gadgets," (source: Global Accessibility News)
In addition to giving the keynote address, Carey also co-presented the session "Transforming Braille Project in Developing Countries". The Transforming Braille Project was chartered by the DAISY Consortium Board of Directors in 2012.
Blind People's Association (BPA) and Sense International jointly hosted the Asian Conference for Blindness and Deaf-blindness. There were more than 350 delegates from Asia, Europe and America at the event. Organizers stated that the objective of the conference was to sensitize educators, professionals, parents and people with vision loss to the technological advancements in the field learning strategies. The detailed conference program is available on the conference website.
International Council for Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI) is a global association of individuals and organizations that promotes equal access to appropriate education for all visually impaired children and youth so that they may achieve their full potential. Deafblind International (DbI) is the world association promoting services for people who are deafblind.
[This inquiry was posted to the DAISY Authoring and Interchange Forum.]
So, ZedAI is DAISY's proposed master format in a single-source publishing workflow. But as far as I can tell, you can't describe an audio book with ZedAI. So for narrated audio books (full-text or not), I fail to see how it can be used as the master format.
However, EPUB 3 can be used as a master format for narrated audio books. So then I wonder, why not use EPUB 3 as a master format for text-only books as well? What is there to gain from choosing ZedAI over EPUB 3?
Is there any blog-posts or articles comparing EPUB 3 and ZedAI? What are the advantages and disadvantages of choosing one or the other as a master format? In what situation would one choose one or the other?
Jostein / NLB
ZedAI is an xml (text) master format, not an audio one, so that omission was always by design. Part B of the specification would have been to define a new DAISY audio format, but that work was eventually abandoned when EPUB 3 came along and it became clear that the IDPF would fully embrace accessibility… Don't forget that many of the people involved in ZedAI were also involved in EPUB 3's development (notably Markus Gylling), and the goal was to ensure it could be as expressive as possible for text and audio.
Where ZedAI has advantages, though, is in the ability to easily extend to define granular markup to handle specific problem domains, like bills and poetry and cookbooks and plays…
ZedAI was intended to provide a component-based architecture that anyone in the DAISY Consortium could use to build new formats, and be able to effectively interchange with other organizations. It was also designed to lower the burden of implementation…
When it comes to evaluating which markup is going to work best for you, you're ultimately going to have to weigh what works best for your organization's needs. I wouldn't say that one approach is definitively better than the other, they each just have different strengths.
• The DAISY blog has just been launched this week. To comment or add posts you will need to be logged in (same login as you use for the DAISY website). There are options on the blog page to log in and also to register if you do not already have a log in and password for the DAISY site. Posts will be moderated.
• In The Tactile Graphics Conference Wrap-Up Clara Van Gerven provides a summary of some of the highlights of the recent event – 120 people from 14 countries attended. All of the presenters have an opportunity to share some of their insights and findings on The Journal of Blindness Innovation and Research (JBIR). The deadline for submitting papers on the topic of tactile graphics for posting on JBIR is May 13. Materials will be published after that date. This is an excellent opportunity for those who are interested in tactile graphics but who were unable to attend the conference.
• In "Best Practices for Integrating Accessible Images into Ebooks & DTBs" Bryan Gould and Geoff Freed of the National Center for Accessible Media (NCAM) discussed best practices for authoring accessible images and integrating them into e-books and DTBs. The session included brief demonstrations of the authoring tools Tobi, Dolphin EasyProducer, OpenOffice Writer, Word, Adobe Acrobat, Adobe InDesign and iBooks Author. The Power Point slides of the WGBH presentation for content creators which was produced April 25 are now available for download from the DIAGRAM Center Training Resources website page. A link to a closed-caption recording of the webinar will be posted in the near future on the same page.
• The Royal National Institute of Blind People (RNIB) is one of five recipients of the American Foundation for the Blind (AFB) 2013 Access Awards. This award honors individuals, corporations and organizations that eliminate or substantially reduce inequities faced by people with vision loss for improving access to a variety of entertainment options, including television, movies, and radio. RNIB received the award for its collaboration Panasonic in the development of a TTS system for television called "Voice Guidance." Built in as standard, at no additional cost, customers who are blind or visually impaired can choose TV channels and programs using the "speaking" electronic program guide and menus. Similar models will soon be available in the US. Text to Speech (TTS) in Digital Television is explained in Wikipedia.
• Congratulations to Bones which is celebrating its 10th anniversary with an exclusive special edition of the Milestone 312. Information about this exclusive special edition is available on the Bones website. Bones Ltd. is a long-time Friend of the DAISY Consortium.
• The Technology area of the Royal National Institute of Blind People (RNIB) website has an area devoted to mobile phones, including a beginner's guide, a 'getting started' podcast and a video about the accessibility features of mainstream smartphones. There is also a link to the video with captions on YouTube and a link to the Word transcript of the video. Still on the RNIB website, the Apple access page includes information about both computers and touch screen devices plus details about how to switch on the Apple accessibility options.
• Improving the Accessibility of Social Media in Government provides information, best practices and more. Designed by the US Government, Office of Disability Employment Policy, to deliver programs for accessibility communities and social media leaders across government, this social media accessibility toolkit contains information about and links to resources that would be useful to any organization, agency or company. It includes tips for making Facebook posts, Tweets and videos accessible, to help ensure that social media content is accessible to people with disabilities.
• Earlier this month the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA) launched a beta of its discovery portal and open platform. "The portal delivers millions of materials found in American archives, libraries, museums, and cultural heritage institutions to students, teachers, scholars, and the public." It is an open collection available to people around the world.
• Chakshumathi Charitable Trust, which is a member of DAISY Forum India and produces books and magazines in regional languages and English using DAISY technology is releasing the book "Yuri Gagarin: Life History" in DAISY format, in Malayalam. This is the first DAISY book on the topic of space science published by the Trust which plans to release a series of seven books on Russian Space Exploration. Chakshumathi Charitable Trust has produced 200 DAISY books in Malayalam to date. It also publishes five DAISY magazines in Malayalam monthly and another in English which is a DAISY full text and audio publication. (Source: The New Indian Express.)
• The 5th annual Young Described Film Critic Contest (YDFC) presented by the American Council of the Blind's (ACB) Audio Description Project is now underway. To participate, young people who have a visual disability who fall into one of three age categories 7 to 10, 11 to 14, and 15 to 18 are asked to write or record their own film review of any described movie and submit it. Submissions from outside the United States are also being accepted. Full details about the submission options (email, upload or postal mail), links, prizes etc., are on the YDFC contest page. The deadline for entries is Friday, June 14.
• The Law on Social Welfare for persons with disabilities in Mongolia was amended in May 2012 and a new provision was added to provide a DAISY Player to people who are blind with funding from the government. However, because government funding was not allocated in the budget the provision was not enforced. Through advocacy efforts of the Mongolian National Federation of the Blind (MNFB) in late 2012, the costs are reflected in the 2013 state budget and the provision was enforced as of January 2013. Further details are available in the article More Access To DAISY Players For Mongolians With Visual Impairment on the WBU Asia/Pacific website. Additional information about related efforts and achievements in Mongolia is provided in the DAISY Planet articles Mongolia Library Success Sparks Law Change, Mongolia Discovers DAISY and in Gerel Dondow's story.
• Dolphin Computer Access Limited has partnered with the Macular Society & Optelec to run a series of low vision exhibitions. Five British cities will host a free entry exhibition of low vision and blindness equipment and resources; two were held in April and three will take place in May in the UK in Chester, Exeter and Perth. Details and links for registration are available on the Dolphin website.
• In a YouTube interview with Dr. John Gardner, CEO of ViewPlus Technologies, he describes the company, and their existing and soon to be released tools, stating "Our purpose to bring mainstream information to accessibility". ViewPlus products feature embossers which produce both tactile graphics and braille.
• The Accessible Textbook Finder (ATF) searches multiple sources of accessible books by ISBN or title, and provides the combined results with links to the source materials. There is no cost to use this resource which is focused largely on services available in the USA.
• On his Apple and Other Accessible technology website, David Woodbridge provides audio reviews and information on many topics, including DAISY. Posts in the DAISY Category include a recent physical description of the new Victor Stream.
• In the YouTube video One Week with the Book Port Plus the video creator discusses his thoughts on the Book Port Plus after using it for a week. He also demonstrates podcasts and web radio with this accessible media player/recorder that supports DAISY Digital Talking Books. Book Port Plus is from American Printing House for the Blind.
• A number of accessibility options (that everyone might find useful) are explained in How Anyone Can Benefit from Windows' Accessibility Options on the How-To Geek website.
• Monday May 9 is Global Accessibility Awareness Day (GAAD)! The focus of GAAD is making people everywhere aware of technologies that are accessible and inclusive to users with different disabilities.
• Pipeline 2, Version 1.5 version is now available for download. This release includes 3 alternative packages:
° the CLI distribution (includes the command line tool and the conversion scripts)
° the Desktop Web UI distribution (includes the command line tool, the conversion scripts, and a version of the Web User Interface that can be run locally as a standalone application)
° the Server Web UI distribution (includes a version of the Pipeline 2 Web User Interface for installation on a server; it does not include the Pipeline 2 engine and conversion scripts)
This release introduces the following new scripts: HTML to EPUB 3, and NIMAS Fileset Validator. It also includes several bug fixes and improvements. Additional information is available in the release notes. Instructions for launching the Web UI application locally are in the Pipeline 2 Wiki/WebUI. Feedback is welcome as always. Comments can be posted to the Pipeline 2 Forum.
• Tobi, the DAISY Consortium's full text and audio, open source authoring tool, supports the addition of audio image descriptions to both in progress and existing (previously produced) DAISY books.
• The most recent release of AMIS, version 3.1.4 Beta 3, supports skippable structures in DAISY 3.0 DTBs. The Skippable notes tabs is on the left side of the AMIS player (the open source DAISY 2.02 and DAISY 3 player developed by the DAISY Consortium).
• How to Test Your Antivirus, Firewall, Browser, and Software Security is a detailed article on the How-To Geek website with links to tools you can use.